The record, which brings Indonesia’s total number of confirmed infections to , the highest in Southeast Asia, is a testament to the extreme virality and transmissibility of the Omicron variant. As recently as mid-December, Indonesia’s case numbers had fallen to below 200 per day, after months of heroic efforts to depress the wave of Delta infections.
Given the surge, the government has been unable to avoid reimposing some limited restrictions. Early last week, in the midst of continuing daily increases, Indonesia announced that it would in Jakarta, Bandung, and Yogyakarta, as well as on the island of Bali, which fully opened to international tourist arrivals earlier this month. Under the new regulations, supermarkets, malls, and restaurants will operate at 60 percent capacity, and places of worship will be forced to halve their capacity, .
On the whole, however, the authorities have been taking the sudden spike in their stride, perhaps due to the relatively mild nature of the Omicron variant. While occupancy rates at COVID-19 referral hospitals in Jakarta is hovering , up from just 5 percent in early January, rates of hospitalization, serious illness, and death have been much lower than during last year’s surge.
Jakarta has not yet seen the chaotic scenes from last year, when, as the AP , “hospitals erected plastic tents as makeshift intensive care units and patients waited for days before they were able to be admitted.” The same is true of death rates, which reached a daily high of 2,069 at the peak of last year’s outbreak, compared to just 134 deaths yesterday.
On Monday, Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin said that cases and deaths are projected to increase further, but that the health care system should hold firm. “I don’t think the peak of deaths in the current omicron outbreak will exceed 500,” Sadikin said.
For this reason, the Indonesian government could lift all quarantine requirements for international arrivals , with Luhut Pandjaitan, the jack-of-all-trades coordinating minister who is responsible for the COVID-19 response in Java and Bali , “We need to find that balance between the need to maintain health and the need to maintain the economy.”
In this regard, the Indonesian authorities can draw some additional hope from the situation in the Philippines, which last month exceeded the peaks from last year’s Delta outbreak, before seeing infections fall back just as sharply. All the same, Indonesia has still recorded per day since Friday. Given its relatively low levels of vaccination – just shy of half the population has received the standard two-dose vaccine regimen – the transition to economic normalcy will likely continue to exact a considerable human toll.